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Real Estate Agent Dictionary

Bookmark this page as a resource for real estate terms. 

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NATURAL RESOURCES Viable and/or renewable products of nature; natural environments of soil, air and water; plants and animals on grasslands, rangelands, croplands, forest, lakes, and streams.


NAVIGATION SERVITUDE Public right of navigation for the use of the people at large.


NEGOTIABLE A promissory note, or similar instrument, is said to be negotiable if title to the instrument, and the money it represents, can be transferred by mere endorsement and delivery by the holder, or by delivery only.


NET INCOME in general, synonymous with net earnings, but considered a broader and better term the balance remaining, after deducting from the gross income all operating expenses, maintenance, taxes.


NET LEASE A lease agreement whereby the lessee pays all property charges (taxes, insurance, maintenance) in addition to rent. Local market customs and terms vary, in some areas, "net, net" and "net, net, net" are used.


NONEXCESS PROPERTY Property required for an Army mission but proposed for sale: the proceeds would fund acquisition of replacement land or facilities. Authority to sell non-excess property is found at 10 U.S.C. 2667a.


NONUSABLE CONDITION Describes a facility which is unserviceable because of deterioration, because it requires extensive restoration, or because it is dangerous to equipment or to the health and safety of personnel.


NOTE A written instrument acknowledging a debt and promising payment.


NOTICE TO QUIT A written notice from a landlord to a tenant that the tenant must vacate the premises at the end of the term or immediately, if the lease is at will.





OBLIGATION Legal reservation of funds based on known requirements (a contract, for example), or an a realistic estimate of costs.


OBLIGOR One who places himself under a legal obligation to an obligee.


OBSOLESCENCE As applied to real estate it is the loss of value due to structural, economic, or social changes becoming outmoded.


OFFER A promise by one party to act in a certain manner provided the other party will act in the manner requested. The offeror is the one who makes the offer to the offeree.


OFFSET STATEMENT A statement by the owner of property or owner of a lien against property, setting forth the present status of liens against said property.


OPEN-END MORTGAGE A mortgage containing a clause that permits the mortgagor to borrow money after the loan has been reduced without rewriting the mortgage.


OPTION A privilege, acquired for a consideration, of demanding within a specified time the carrying out of a transaction upon stipulated terms. The optionor grants an option to an optionee.


ORDER OF POSSESSION Court order in a condemnation which allows the Government to enter and use lands.


OUTGRANT Government term for the interest or right granted to one to use Government real property by a lease, easement, license, or permit.


OUTLEASING The leasing of Army-controlled real property which is temporarily not required for mission purposes.


OUTSTANDING RIGHTS Encumbrances, obligations, or liens on property. The Government may take such property subject to the outstanding rights or may eliminate them.


OVER-IMPROVEMENT An improvement to land that is more extensive or costly than needed. As an example, the erection of a thirty-story office building where fifteen would have been adequate for the present and foreseeable future needs of the business community.


OWNER IN EQUITY owner is responsible for repairing or replacing improvements to the property that are damaged (i.e., loss by fire, damages due to flood, etc.).

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